What is it and why does dandruff appear?

What is it and why does dandruff appear? Why do I have dandruff and how can I get rid of it? Here are the answers to all your questions.

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What is dandruff

Dandruff refers to a whitish flaking that can occur at any age. It is identified as small flakes of dead cells caused by cell turnover. These residues of dead epidermal cells, due to the action of the sebum produced by the hair glands, become sticky and adhere not only to the hair but also to the clothes, making dandruff a clearly evident problem.

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How it manifests

The second symptom par excellence attributable to dandruff is undoubtedly itching. Unfortunately, scratching your scalp causes a further worsening of the situation.

The famous “snow effect” actually occurs when you scratch your skin or simply when you comb your hair. The rubbing action causes dead cells to recede and settle on clothing, making the disorder a source of discomfort.

The causes of dandruff

The causes of the formation of dandruff can be:

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  • Infrequent washing that can cause the formation of cells attached to the scalp
  • Excessive production of sebum from the hair bulbs.
  • Aggressive products that, by irritating the leather, cause desquamation.
  • Seborrheic dermatitis
  • Contact dermatitis
  • Scalp psoriasis
  • Mushrooms
  • Take certain medications

Greasy dandruff and dry dandruff

There are two types of dandruff:

Oily dandruff

It is recognized by the formation of thick, yellowish scales with a waxy/pasty consistency. This is due to the excessive production of sebum by the scalp that accumulates outside the hair follicles, also covering the scaly scales. People with oily dandruff have oily and obviously “dirty” hair. This is because the flakes, due to the presence of sebum, tend to adhere to the scalp and come off with greater difficulty than dry dandruff flakes. Unfortunately, dandruff of this type is associated with a high risk of hair loss.

Dry dandruff

It is recognized by the fine grayish-white scales that can remain in the hair or fall on the shoulders, giving rise to the so-called “snow effect”. The tiny flakes that make up dry dandruff are the remains of dead scalp cells that peel off. This exchange is part of a normal physiological process, but when the speed increases, we witness the appearance of the disorder accompanied by very intense itching. Fortunately, dry dandruff is not associated with inflammation of the scalp and does not affect hair loss.

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How to combat dandruff?

Dandruff is rarely a transient disorder and, however mild, it is a chronic condition. For this reason, it must be managed consistently by using specially formulated products and following expert advice.

With a scalp check by the dermatologist it is possible to identify the cause of dandruff and, consequently, the appropriate frequency of hair washing and the appropriate treatment to resolve the phenomenon.

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